Transformation of residential districts in energy efficient clusters

Residential districts from the second half of the 20th century are today in bad condition in terms of environmental sustainability, energy efficiency and thus in terms of modern housing and living. They need an upgrade through an application so-called "TRANS@ENEF" project concept that was developed on existing good practices around the world and which provides a modern and environmentally sustainable life of the people who use these residential areas.

By looking at residential districts in South East Europe that were built in the second half of the 20th century we notice two key reasons for creating such planning and architecture. The first reason was to assume a leading modernist direction from the early 20th century as the main architectural discourse in the region. Another reason for the creation of such architecture and urbanism is the transformation from rural to urban society which has resulted in increased inflow of population to the cities. It created the need to ensure the housing, which led to a rapid and pragmatic construction of public houses and ancillary facilities.

Given today's needs on energy efficiency, it is important to note that the observed architecture and urban planning in the region do not meet the set requirements and shall be subject to renewal in order to be energy efficient.

High consumption of the world's largest resource > space, creates a need for renewal and raise of the standard of the existing buildings as a priority over constructing new ones. Updating and improving the quality of existing constructed space is one of the main goals of sustainable development in line with the ecological, economic and social aspects.

Residential districts from the second half of the 20th century are today in bad condition in terms of environmental sustainability, energy efficiency and thus in terms of modern housing and living. They need an upgrade through an application so-called "TRANS@ENEF" project concept that was developed on existing good practices around the world and which provides a modern and environmentally sustainable life of the people who use these residential areas.

The issue of housing and ancillary public facilities today, in addition to environmental conflicts includes social component that is reflected in the social status of users of such space. In a period of economic crisis, which carries with it a decrease in employment and income and an increase in prices of energy, vulnerable segments of society, such as elder people and people and families with low incomes are most affected. Reality shows that precisely those social groups are the most frequent users of this public housing and ancillary facilities.

The quality of life in these districts is in constant decline, and the ability to change the situation without implementation of an appropriate innovative model for management of space and energy consumption is minimal. It is therefore necessary to implement a pragmatic project approach, to research the social, economic, environmental and architectural resources, and thus shape innovative solutions to increase energy efficiency and improve the quality of life in the settlements of this type.

Focus of "TRANS@ENEF" concept is on the enabling conditions for the transformation of mass housing and public supporting facilities within residential districts in energy-efficient clusters with application of pilot project and the adoption of innovative policies for sustainable energy management. Innovative model for energy efficiency management takes in account the correlation between the structures within the district:Transformation of residential districts

Expected results of "TRANS@ENEF" project concept are:

• to understand the issues of lifestyle, modern housing and energy consumption in residential areas from the second half of the 20th century (especially in objects of mass housing and public facilities within the typical district) through interdisciplinary workgroups,

• to prepare innovative energy management system and ICT platform for preparation of prognostic model and monitoring the effects of energy efficiency measures in the final energy consumption,

• to disseminate results and provide trainings and workshops,

• to implement the project successfully through the exchange of experiences, pooling competencies, collaboration and efficient division of expertise with respect to specific project areas.

"TRANS@ENEF" concept is open to the participation of all stakeholders and partners in its implementation. Please feel free to contact us.